IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM) final version (August 2017)

The following announcement about the IFLA Library Reference Model was posted today on the RSC website:

IFLA Library Reference Model

The RDA Steering Committee (RSC) welcomes the publication of the IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM) as an IFLA standard.

The LRM was endorsed by the IFLA Professional Committee in August 2017; the final version is available at:
https://www.ifla.org/publications/node/11412.

There are no significant changes to the LRM from the draft version used for the RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project by the RSC and its working groups. The project includes development of RDA as an implementation of the new model, which consolidates the separate IFLA Functional Requirements models on which RDA is based.

The RSC recommends RDA Toolkit users to familiarize themselves with the LRM in preparation for the release of the new Toolkit in 2018.

Posted 19 September 2017

ALCTS White Paper on Faceted Vocabularies

Colleagues,

Please excuse duplication. This announcement is being distributed to several lists. Please share with your colleagues.

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The ALCTS CaMMS Subject Analysis Committee announces the approval and release of a white paper, “A Brave New (Faceted) World: Towards Full Implementation of Library of Congress Faceted Vocabularies.” The full text of the white paper can be downloaded from the ALA Institutional Repository (ALAIR).

Prepared by the Working Group on Full Implementation of Library of Congress Faceted Vocabularies, ALCTS/CaMMS Subject Analysis CommitteeSubcommittee on Genre/Form Implementation, this document summarizes the development of faceted vocabularies by the Library of Congress in collaboration with the ALCTS CaMMS Subject Analysis Committee and several specialized cataloging communities. It contains suggestions and recommendations for next steps aimed at full-scale current and retrospective implementation of faceted vocabulary terms in bibliographic and authority metadata.

The vocabularies described in this document are the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), the Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus (LCMPT), and the Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT). Although they are discussed in terms of MARC, these vocabularies represent a step forward as a bridge from MARC to emerging metadata formats such as BIBFRAME and to the linked data environment in general.

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Cheers,

Casey

RDA Best Practices Changes in the April RDA Toolkit Release

The April RDA Toolkit release was published on Tuesday, April 11, 2017. The release contains updates to MLA RDA Best Practices, as detailed below. As a reminder, the RDA Best Practices are available in the RDA Toolkit and the Best Practices Supplement documents are available at the CMC website. The April release also included changes to several LC-PCC Policy Statements (LC-PCC PS), summarized in this document available at the LC website.

This update cycle was particularly challenging because changes to RDA content, LC-PCC PS and the RDA Best Practices were being developed simultaneously on a very tight time-frame in an effort to get as much as possible into this release before the impending RDA content freeze. As a result, some of the RDA Best Practices merely point to following LC (rather than LC/PCC) practice, as our editing deadline preceded PCC approval of the LC-PCC PS texts. Revisions, where necessary, will be placed in the queue for the next update cycle (April 2018).

Changes to the MLA Best Practices

Statement of Responsibility – Scope (RDA 2.4.1.1): Revised the wording of the best practice to include performers named alone in addition to situations where the performer(s) are named more prominently than composers, songwriters, etc.

Designation of Edition (RDA 2.5.2): Updated the text of the best practice to reflect the split of “particular voice range” and “particular format of notated music” in the RDA instruction.

Basic Instructions on Recording Identifier for Manifestation (RDA 2.15.1): Revised the wording to clarify that this instruction applies to issue numbers for audio recordings and to music publisher numbers for materials other than notated music.

Recording Production Method (RDA 3.9.1.3): Added guidance for recording a production method for certain types of optical discs (e.g., CD-R, DVD-R, etc.).

Musical Works Created after 1500 (RDA 6.14.2.3.1) and Choice of Language (RDA 6.14.2.5.2.1): These new recommendations provide a working definition of “cognate” and guidance for the selection of the language of a type term.

Complete Works of a Single Type of Composition for One Specific Medium or Various Media (RDA 6.14.2.8.3): This Best Practice provides guidance for term selection.

Medium of Performance (RDA 6.15.1.3, 6.15.1.6.1, 6.15.1.6.3): Added recommendations to follow LC practice for the first instruction and to not apply optional omissions for the second and third instructions).

Numeric Designation of a Musical Work (RDA 6.16): Added clarification for recording numeric designations and added several new examples.

Additional Elements in Authorized Access Points Representing Musical Works (RDA 6.28.1.9 & 6.28.1.9.1): Added recommendations to follow LC practice (as codified in the LC-PCC PSs for these instructions).

Duration of Component Parts (RDA 7.22.1.4): Added a recommendation for the alternative and a new example.

Other minor changes included:

  • Updating element names (RDA 2.15.2 & 2.15.3) in the best practice headings
  • Linking best practices from deleted instructions to their new homes (RDA 3.9.2 & 3.10.2 linked to RDA 3.9 & 3.10, respectively)
  • Removing a best practice for an instruction alternative that no longer exists (RDA 7.15.1.3)

There were no changes to the Best Practices Supplement documents in this cycle.

To facilitate the 3R project, RDA content will be frozen until the April 2018 Toolkit release. During this time CSS will undertake a full review of the RDA best practices, comparing with the LC-PCC PS, updating/revising examples, and looking at alternate presentation for the Supplement 1. CSS will also continue to collect suggestions and feedback regarding the RDA Best Practices. Suggestions for new or revised Best Practices can be made via the submission form located in the FAQ on the CMC website.

Music-Related RDA Changes in the April RDA Toolkit Release

The April RDA Toolkit release was published on Tuesday, April 11, 2017. The release contains an RDA update, including approved proposals from the November 2016 RSC meeting. The release also contains Fast Track changes from the RSC as outlined in document RSC/Sec/7 available at the RSC website. Work continues on the synchronization of the Toolkit and Registry, part of the first phase of the larger RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project. The release also includes changes to several LC-PCC Policy Statements (LC-PCC PS), summarized in this document available at the LC website.

Several changes were also made to the MLA RDA Best Practices; these changes will be covered in a separate blog post.

RDA Music-Related Changes
New/Revised instructions
Plate Number for Notated Music (RDA 2.15.3.1 & 2.15.3.3): The second paragraph of the former instruction clarifies information about the plate number. The latter instruction features new examples.

Medium of Performance (RDA 6.15): This instruction has been completely revised (see RSC/MusicWG/3/rev/Sec Final for more information). This document also contains mapping between the “old” 6.15 and the “new” 6.15.

Additions to Access Points to Representing Musical Works (RDA 6.28.1.9 & 6.28.1.10): The new 6.28.1.9 consolidates and completely replaces the former 6.28.1.9 and 6.28.1.10. As a result, 6.28.1.10 has been deleted (see RSC/MusicWG/4/rev/1/Sec Final for more information).

Capture Information (RDA 7.11): This element sports a new name; it was formerly known as “Place and Date of Capture.” A new instruction, “Note on Capture” (RDA 7.11.4) has been added to provide a place to record information associated with the capture of content beyond the date and place of capture.

Glossary changes
Revised entries: capture information, date of capture, plate number for notated music
New entries: all regions, details of regional encoding, mixed aspect ratio, note on capture, region 1, region 2, region 3, region 4, region 5, region 6, region 7, region 8, region A, region B, region C (Blu-ray), region C (video game), region J, region U/C, regional encoding
New “see” references: region 0, region 9, region ABC, region free

Fast Track changes
As part of the larger synchronization process, vocabulary terms within RDA instructions have now been synchronized with the RDA Registry. Terms appear alphabetically within RDA instructions; see “Recording Format of Notated Music” (RDA 7.20.1.3) as an example.

Other RDA Changes of Interest
Regional Encoding (RDA 3.19.6): The definition of “regional encoding” has been revised, incorporating more standard RDA wording (e.g., using the phrase “designation for” rather than “term representing”). Regional encoding vocabulary has been added (RDA 3.19.6.3). The designation “all regions” should be used for designations “region 0” and “region free.” A new instruction “Details of Regional Encoding” (RDA 3.19.6.4) has also been added.

Variant Access Points (RDA 5.1.4, 8.7, 9.19.2.1, 10.11.2.1, 11.13.2.1): Revisions to these instructions provide greater flexibility in creating variant access points. See RSC/ALA/3/Sec Final for further information.

To facilitate the 3R project, RDA content will be frozen until the April 2018 Toolkit release. During this time CSS will undertake a full review of the RDA Best Practices, with an eye toward synchronization with the LC-PCC PS, updating/revising examples, and looking at an alternate presentation format for Supplement 1. CSS will also continue to collect suggestions and feedback regarding the RDA best practices. Suggestions for new or revised Best Practices can be made via the submission form located in the FAQ on the CMC website.

New NOTES article on faceted music vocabularies

Congratulations to Beth Iseminger, Nancy Lorimer, Casey Mullin, and Hermine Vermeij on their article in the March 2017 issue of NOTES, Faceted Vocabularies for Music: A New Era in Resource Discovery.

This article highlights important work done by the Cataloging and Metadata Committee (formerly the Bibliographic Control Committee) of MLA, in partnership with the Library of Congress, as well as earlier work leading up to the development and publication of the vocabularies (LCMPT and LCGFT for music).

Access online via Project MUSE or MLA:

http://www.musiclibraryassoc.org/?NotesOnlineAccess

DOI: 10.1353/not.2017.0000

February RDA Toolkit and Best Practices Update

The February RDA Toolkit release was published on Tuesday, February 14, 2017. The release contained corrections and Fast Track changes from the RSC as outlined in document RSC/Sec 6 available at the RSC website. Several of the Fast Track changes involved conversion of tables to lists (e.g., RDA 3.2.1.3 Media Type, RDA 6.9.1.3 Recording Content Type) and changes to glossary terms. Of particular interest in the latter category is this addition to the definition for “container”–“an insert visible through the housing is part of the container.”

Also appearing in this release are changes to element labels, definitions, scope notes, and instructions in five categories (the first four with representative examples):

  • Replacement of the wording “person, family, or corporate body” with “agent” or “agents”
    –Chapter 19 Agents Associated with a Work
  • Deletion of articles within element names and replacement of a definite article with an indefinite article preceding element names in instructions
    –RDA 2.15 Identifier for Manifestation (was Identifier for the Manifestation)
  • Replacement of “resource” with the appropriate RDA entity where extensive revision of instruction was unnecessary
    –RDA 2.0 “…attributes of manifestations and items that are most often used to identify a manifestation or item” (was “resource”)
  • Deletion of the phrase “in this order” in instructions for access points
    –RDA 6.28.1.2 “For a musical work that includes words in the form of lyrics, a libretto, text, etc. (e.g., a song, opera, musical comedy), construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining:” (no longer ends with “(in this order)”)
  • Replacement of “and/or” with “or” when appropriate.

More information about these changes can be found in document RSC/Chair/18 available at the RSC website. Several of these changes are related to the implementation of IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM). The RSC agreed at their November 2016 meeting to proceed with implementation of LRM as part of the RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project.

Two Fast Track changes related to music include changes to the scope of RDA 6.14.3 Variant Title for Musical Work. In addition, the instruction for recording variant titles have been simplified (“Record a variant title for a musical work that is considered important for identification or access…”). A change to RDA 7.15.1.3 Recording Illustrative Content restores “music” to the fourth paragraph of the instruction as a parenthetical choice “(e.g., chart, music)” indicating the type of illustrative content.

Changes to the MLA RDA Best Practices in this release include an updated best practice for RDA 3.19.3 Encoding Format, giving guidance for MARC encoding of terms with the removal of controlled vocabulary from this instruction. The examples in the instruction and Supplement 1 have also been updated to reflect this change. Other changes to Supplement 1 include an update to base material for cylinders and the addition of “flexi discs” (aka Soundsheet, phonosheet, etc.). The Best Practices Supplement documents are available at the CMC website.

The update also included changes to several LC-PCC Policy Statements, summarized in this document available at the LC website.

Best Practices for Using LCMPT–new version now available

Colleagues,

The MLA Vocabularies Subcommittee is pleased to offer a new version of the document Best Practices for Using LCMPT. In addition to a number of minor formatting and stylistic updates, the following new content is incorporated:

  1. Guidance for use of the new 382 subfields $r and $t
  2. Expanded guidance on “bi-level” medium statements
  3. Expanded guidance on partial medium statements
  4. Clarification on polychoral situations

As always, feedback and questions can be directed to me (casey@mullingroup.com). Additionally, the new revision will be briefly discussed at the VS business meeting and at the CMC Town Hall at MLA Orlando.

I wish to thank the VS task group who prepared this revision, amidst a shifting landscape of MARC format updates and evolving practices with faceted vocabularies.

Cheers,

Casey Mullin