Joint MLA/OLAC 33X/34X Task Group Recommendations Issued

The final report summarizing the work of a joint MLA/OLAC task group which worked to address issues connected to 23 additions to the Genre/Form Code and Term Source Codes list (, which are utilized in the 33X and 34X fields has been issued. The Joint MLA/OLAC 33X/34X Task Group, as it came to be known, conducted their work over the summer, with some revisions to that work completed later in the fall.

The group’s full recommendations can be accessed here:

The group was assembled by OLAC Cataloging Policy Committee Chair Bruce Evans and MLA CMC Content Standards Subcommittee Chair Mary Huismann, who also served as chair of the task group.

Membership of the task group included:

From MLA: Kristi Bergland, Patty Falk, Monica Figueroa, Karen Peters, Jim Soe Nyun, Michelle Urberg

From OLAC: Melissa Burel, Scott Dutkiewicz, Bruce J. Evans, Greta de Groat, Rosemary Groenwald, Teressa Keenan, Yoko Kudo, Kelley McGrath, Julie Moore, Jessica Schomberg, Amanda Scott

CMC call for new members 2018

The MLA Cataloging and Metadata Committee invites all interested persons to apply to be part of its subcommittees. There are open positions on all CMC subcommittees: Content Standards, Encoding Standards, and Vocabularies.


If you are interested in being a part of CMC, please send a brief application addressed to the CMC chair or any of the current subcommittee chairs. Applications must be in writing and should state: 1) your specific interest with regards to the subcommittee(s) to which you would like to apply; 2) your cataloging/metadata background; and 3) your abilities to meet CMC service expectations. Applications must be received via email or posted to the bulletin board at the MLA conference by end of day on the Thursday (not the usual Friday this year) of MLA. (Email is preferable, and early submission is very helpful.)


CMC Chair: Tracey Snyder (

Content Standards Subcommittee: Mary Huismann (

Encoding Standards Subcommittee: James Soe Nyun (

Vocabularies Subcommittee: Casey Mullin (


(All are linked from the CMC Contact page.)


Requirements for CMC subcommittee membership include the following. Requirements are also listed in the CMC handbook, available on the Groups page of the CMC website.


– Member-in-good-standing of MLA national

– Attendance at MLA Annual Meeting to the best of one’s ability

– Active participation throughout the year in subcommittee work via email and other web-based tools

– Specific professional interest in subcommittee business and a particular skill, area of expertise, or perspective to contribute to subcommittee deliberations


Subcommittee members are encouraged to do the following subcommittee work:


– Participate in group discussions, both in person and in electronic forums, drawing on personal experience, skills, and knowledge

– Take assignments seriously and complete them in a timely fashion

– Provide feedback on documentation and proposals and respond to requests for comments


You may find out more about the subcommittees’ work by attending subcommittee business meetings at the MLA conference or speaking to the chairs in person. Committee and subcommittee business meetings are open to all and will take place on the Thursday and Friday of MLA this year. Descriptions of the subcommittees are available at the following links:


Content Standards Subcommittee:

Encoding Standards Subcommittee:

Vocabularies Subcommittee:


(All are linked from the CMC Groups page.)


You may also learn more about us by checking out the FAQ, YouTube channel, and Blog at the CMC website. Also consider attending the Cataloging and Metadata Town Hall and any other program sessions related to cataloging, Linked Data, etc. on the program at MLA 2018.


We look forward to hearing from you.


Tracey Snyder

Chair, Cataloging and Metadata Committee, Music Library Association


New LCGFT and LCMPT terms in 2017

2017 was another banner year for faceted vocabularies for music!

The following LCGFT music terms have been established or revised in 2017 (in order of approval):

Cowboy songs                                        gf2015026744

Freak folk (Music)                                  gf2016026016

Ghazals (Music)                                      gf2015026106

Jukebox musicals                                   gf2017026030

Konkoma                                                gf2017026029

Kwaya                                                     gf2015026100

Lo-fi (Rock music)                                   gf2016026013

Palos (Music)                                          gf2015026102

Post-rock music                                     gf2017026021

Shavuot music                                        gf2014027193

Skate punk music                                   gf2016026015

Sukkot music                                          gf2014027192

Twist songs                                            gf2017026023

Musical texts                                            gf2017026002

Hymns                                                    gf2014026872 (revision)

Hymns texts                                           gf2017026006

Music                                                      gf2014026952 (revision)

Popular music                                        gf2014027009 (revision)

Popular music lyrics                               gf2017026003

Rap lyrics                                                gf2017026007

Rock lyrics                                              gf2017026008

Sacred music texts                                 gf2017026004

Song texts                                              gf2017026005

Songs                                                      gf2014027103 (revision)

Opera adaptations                                 gf2017026043

Hanukkah music                                   gp2017026057

Industrial dance music                        gp2017026062

Musical settings                                  gp2017026061

Rock operas                                        gp2017026056

Visual albums                                      gp2017026058

Carol texts                                           gp2017026071

Carols                                                  gp201402669 (scope note added)

Concertos                                            gp2014026725 (UF Concerti added)

Filk music                                            gp2017026050

Hymn concertatos                               gp2017026077

Songsters                                             gp2017026087

Ice show music                                    gp2017026100

Memorial music                                  gp2017026101

National anthems                                gp2017026028

Notated music                                     gp2014027184 (UF Sheet music added)

One-act operas                                    gp2017026090

Sampler albums (Sound recordings)   gp2015026104

Schrammelmusik                                 gp2015026105

Sound art                                             gp2017026022

Soundscapes (Music)                          gp2014027107 (BT Sound art added)

Villancicos (Music)                              gp2017026025

Alma mater songs                               gp2014026629 (BT changed to School songs)

Chamber operas                                  gp2017026104

Event music                                        gp2014026795 (UFs Holiday music and Occasional music added)

Impromptus (Music)                           gp2017026103

Purim music                                        gp2017026115

Sacred music                                       gp2014027062 (UF Liturgical music added)

School songs                                        gp2017026105

Synagogue music                                gp2017026116


The following LCMPT terms have been established or revised in 2017 Midwinter (in order of approval):

contrabass trombone                           pp2015015011

talempong                                            pp2015015010

tenoroon                                              pp2015015001 (UF fagottino added)

wood block                                          pp2016015009

da kuan hsien                                      pp2016015012

dan pi ku                                              pp2016015010

gyil                                                       pp2017015005

hsiao luo                                              pp2016015011

jao pa                                                   pp2016015008

musical saw                                         pp2017015015

nose flute                                            pp2017015011

Wagner tuba                                       pp2017015023

We hope you’ll find these newly-available terms useful in your day-to-day cataloging.

In other news, SACO proposals for LCMPT terms and music LCGFT are now being accepted. SACO catalogers may submit proposals their existing mechanism, but are encouraged to submit proposals through the SACO Music Funnel (coordinated by Nancy Lorimer, for expert guidance. Catalogers at institutions that are not established SACO contributors may also submit proposals through the SACO Music Funnel.

Wishing you a musical 2018!

Casey Mullin, chair, Vocabularies Subcommittee

MLA 2018 Cataloging and Metadata meetings and relevant sessions

I have compiled a list of MLA 2018 meetings and sessions that may be of interest to those who work in cataloging and/or metadata. I included all CMC business meetings and all sessions sponsored or co-sponsored by CMC, as well as a few other relevant meetings and sessions. See the MLA 2018 schedule online for full listings, locations, etc. (but please note that this is a draft schedule and subject to change):



9 AM-10:25 AM    Cataloging and Metadata Town Hall (sponsored by CMC)

11 AM-12:25 PM    Cataloging and Metadata Committee #1

1:30 PM-2:25 PM    Encoding Standards Subcommittee

3:30 PM-4:25 PM    What to Expect When You’re Analyzing, Transforming, and Inputting: A Linked Data Guide (sponsored by CMC)

4:30 PM-5:25 PM    Content Standards Subcommittee

6-6:55 PM        system-specific interest groups



9 AM-9:55 AM        Vocabularies Subcommittee

9:30 AM-10:25 AM    Technical Services Interest Group


1:30 PM-2:55 PM    Cataloging and Metadata Committee #2

3:30 PM-4:55 PM    Deriving Faceted Terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings for Music (sponsored by CMC)

4:30 PM-5:25 PM    Emerging Technologies and Services Committee (***was Thursday)



11 AM-12:25 PM    Cataloging, Preservation, and Discovery of Radio Content in Music Libraries and Archives (co-sponsored by CMC)

1:30 PM-2:55 PM    The FUTURE Is NOW! Preparing for and Learning from Large-Scale Media Preservation


IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM) final version (August 2017)

The following announcement about the IFLA Library Reference Model was posted today on the RSC website:

IFLA Library Reference Model

The RDA Steering Committee (RSC) welcomes the publication of the IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM) as an IFLA standard.

The LRM was endorsed by the IFLA Professional Committee in August 2017; the final version is available at:

There are no significant changes to the LRM from the draft version used for the RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project by the RSC and its working groups. The project includes development of RDA as an implementation of the new model, which consolidates the separate IFLA Functional Requirements models on which RDA is based.

The RSC recommends RDA Toolkit users to familiarize themselves with the LRM in preparation for the release of the new Toolkit in 2018.

Posted 19 September 2017

ALCTS White Paper on Faceted Vocabularies


Please excuse duplication. This announcement is being distributed to several lists. Please share with your colleagues.


The ALCTS CaMMS Subject Analysis Committee announces the approval and release of a white paper, “A Brave New (Faceted) World: Towards Full Implementation of Library of Congress Faceted Vocabularies.” The full text of the white paper can be downloaded from the ALA Institutional Repository (ALAIR).

Prepared by the Working Group on Full Implementation of Library of Congress Faceted Vocabularies, ALCTS/CaMMS Subject Analysis CommitteeSubcommittee on Genre/Form Implementation, this document summarizes the development of faceted vocabularies by the Library of Congress in collaboration with the ALCTS CaMMS Subject Analysis Committee and several specialized cataloging communities. It contains suggestions and recommendations for next steps aimed at full-scale current and retrospective implementation of faceted vocabulary terms in bibliographic and authority metadata.

The vocabularies described in this document are the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), the Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus (LCMPT), and the Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT). Although they are discussed in terms of MARC, these vocabularies represent a step forward as a bridge from MARC to emerging metadata formats such as BIBFRAME and to the linked data environment in general.




RDA Best Practices Changes in the April RDA Toolkit Release

The April RDA Toolkit release was published on Tuesday, April 11, 2017. The release contains updates to MLA RDA Best Practices, as detailed below. As a reminder, the RDA Best Practices are available in the RDA Toolkit and the Best Practices Supplement documents are available at the CMC website. The April release also included changes to several LC-PCC Policy Statements (LC-PCC PS), summarized in this document available at the LC website.

This update cycle was particularly challenging because changes to RDA content, LC-PCC PS and the RDA Best Practices were being developed simultaneously on a very tight time-frame in an effort to get as much as possible into this release before the impending RDA content freeze. As a result, some of the RDA Best Practices merely point to following LC (rather than LC/PCC) practice, as our editing deadline preceded PCC approval of the LC-PCC PS texts. Revisions, where necessary, will be placed in the queue for the next update cycle (April 2018).

Changes to the MLA Best Practices

Statement of Responsibility – Scope (RDA Revised the wording of the best practice to include performers named alone in addition to situations where the performer(s) are named more prominently than composers, songwriters, etc.

Designation of Edition (RDA 2.5.2): Updated the text of the best practice to reflect the split of “particular voice range” and “particular format of notated music” in the RDA instruction.

Basic Instructions on Recording Identifier for Manifestation (RDA 2.15.1): Revised the wording to clarify that this instruction applies to issue numbers for audio recordings and to music publisher numbers for materials other than notated music.

Recording Production Method (RDA Added guidance for recording a production method for certain types of optical discs (e.g., CD-R, DVD-R, etc.).

Musical Works Created after 1500 (RDA and Choice of Language (RDA These new recommendations provide a working definition of “cognate” and guidance for the selection of the language of a type term.

Complete Works of a Single Type of Composition for One Specific Medium or Various Media (RDA This Best Practice provides guidance for term selection.

Medium of Performance (RDA,, Added recommendations to follow LC practice for the first instruction and to not apply optional omissions for the second and third instructions).

Numeric Designation of a Musical Work (RDA 6.16): Added clarification for recording numeric designations and added several new examples.

Additional Elements in Authorized Access Points Representing Musical Works (RDA & Added recommendations to follow LC practice (as codified in the LC-PCC PSs for these instructions).

Duration of Component Parts (RDA Added a recommendation for the alternative and a new example.

Other minor changes included:

  • Updating element names (RDA 2.15.2 & 2.15.3) in the best practice headings
  • Linking best practices from deleted instructions to their new homes (RDA 3.9.2 & 3.10.2 linked to RDA 3.9 & 3.10, respectively)
  • Removing a best practice for an instruction alternative that no longer exists (RDA

There were no changes to the Best Practices Supplement documents in this cycle.

To facilitate the 3R project, RDA content will be frozen until the April 2018 Toolkit release. During this time CSS will undertake a full review of the RDA best practices, comparing with the LC-PCC PS, updating/revising examples, and looking at alternate presentation for the Supplement 1. CSS will also continue to collect suggestions and feedback regarding the RDA Best Practices. Suggestions for new or revised Best Practices can be made via the submission form located in the FAQ on the CMC website.

Music-Related RDA Changes in the April RDA Toolkit Release

The April RDA Toolkit release was published on Tuesday, April 11, 2017. The release contains an RDA update, including approved proposals from the November 2016 RSC meeting. The release also contains Fast Track changes from the RSC as outlined in document RSC/Sec/7 available at the RSC website. Work continues on the synchronization of the Toolkit and Registry, part of the first phase of the larger RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign (3R) Project. The release also includes changes to several LC-PCC Policy Statements (LC-PCC PS), summarized in this document available at the LC website.

Several changes were also made to the MLA RDA Best Practices; these changes will be covered in a separate blog post.

RDA Music-Related Changes
New/Revised instructions
Plate Number for Notated Music (RDA & The second paragraph of the former instruction clarifies information about the plate number. The latter instruction features new examples.

Medium of Performance (RDA 6.15): This instruction has been completely revised (see RSC/MusicWG/3/rev/Sec Final for more information). This document also contains mapping between the “old” 6.15 and the “new” 6.15.

Additions to Access Points to Representing Musical Works (RDA & The new consolidates and completely replaces the former and As a result, has been deleted (see RSC/MusicWG/4/rev/1/Sec Final for more information).

Capture Information (RDA 7.11): This element sports a new name; it was formerly known as “Place and Date of Capture.” A new instruction, “Note on Capture” (RDA 7.11.4) has been added to provide a place to record information associated with the capture of content beyond the date and place of capture.

Glossary changes
Revised entries: capture information, date of capture, plate number for notated music
New entries: all regions, details of regional encoding, mixed aspect ratio, note on capture, region 1, region 2, region 3, region 4, region 5, region 6, region 7, region 8, region A, region B, region C (Blu-ray), region C (video game), region J, region U/C, regional encoding
New “see” references: region 0, region 9, region ABC, region free

Fast Track changes
As part of the larger synchronization process, vocabulary terms within RDA instructions have now been synchronized with the RDA Registry. Terms appear alphabetically within RDA instructions; see “Recording Format of Notated Music” (RDA as an example.

Other RDA Changes of Interest
Regional Encoding (RDA 3.19.6): The definition of “regional encoding” has been revised, incorporating more standard RDA wording (e.g., using the phrase “designation for” rather than “term representing”). Regional encoding vocabulary has been added (RDA The designation “all regions” should be used for designations “region 0” and “region free.” A new instruction “Details of Regional Encoding” (RDA has also been added.

Variant Access Points (RDA 5.1.4, 8.7,,, Revisions to these instructions provide greater flexibility in creating variant access points. See RSC/ALA/3/Sec Final for further information.

To facilitate the 3R project, RDA content will be frozen until the April 2018 Toolkit release. During this time CSS will undertake a full review of the RDA Best Practices, with an eye toward synchronization with the LC-PCC PS, updating/revising examples, and looking at an alternate presentation format for Supplement 1. CSS will also continue to collect suggestions and feedback regarding the RDA best practices. Suggestions for new or revised Best Practices can be made via the submission form located in the FAQ on the CMC website.